(What to do before, during and after)
Fire threat in forests and uninhabited areas is a serious matter for the people who live near these areas or use accommodations like villa or recreational complexes. Dry conditions and drought at different times in different parts of the country greatly increases the likelihood of wildfires.
Proper planning along with knowledge about how to protect the buildings in these areas can greatly reduce devastation caused by a terrible fire. Moreover, the risk of losses can be reduced by applying different safety precautions. It is our duty to protect our home in order to prevent fire from entering into it. To reduce the risk, therefore, we should consider home resistance, the kind of building and the nature of plants surrounding the area.
Actions before the widespread fires
- Don’t throw cigarette butts out and don’t leave charcoal in forests and parks while the charcoal is still hot.
- If you encounter fire in the woods and parks, pouring soil and using the extinguisher capsule will be the best way to put it out.
- Please call 125 if you see a fire. Describe the situation clearly and precisely to them and answer all their questions.
- Keep fuel away from heat and electric sources at home and at work.
- If you light a fire in pastures and forests, sprinkle water on the ashes or pour soil to cover ash completely.
- You should have a fire extinguisher (capsule) at home.
- Don’t store too much fuel at home.
- Never fill oil-burning equipment when they are burning.
- Don’t light oil-burning equipment on the carpet or blanket and don’t place flammable materials around the heater.
- Never make a fire near the barn, dry woods and forests.
Actions during the widespread fires
- In the event of fire, first you should evacuate the house. Out family members (and the animals) whose presence is not necessary for preparing family circumstances.
- People who have health problems or disabilities, children and elderly should leave the place fast.
- Wear appropriate fire protective clothing.
- Remove all combustible or flammable materials around the house such as wooden beams, lawn tools, outdoor cooking brazier, tarpaulins, etc. and put them in appropriate place out of the house.
- Close building entrances. Close attic and patio windows and all doors. Close the door of the basement and the barn from the outside. Take curtains and flammable fabrics away from the place. Close all covers and noncombustible guards of the windows to reduce the effect of radiant heat and fire.
- Close all interior doors and turn on the fans. Close all doors to prevent airflow. Open the air valve above the fireplace, but place the shield on it.
- Connect the garden hoses together and fill the pool, tub, rubbish bins and all the containers with water.
- Close the main gas valve and disconnect all original sources including natural gas and diesel or propane tanks.
- Put a ladder in an appropriate place so that it can be used when required.
- Place your vehicle at the entrance and close its windows.
- Make the garage automatic door opener disable work so in case of power failure you can open the door by hand. Close all the garage doors.
- Put precious objects, worthy documents and valuable objects within the car in the garage and be ready to get out of home quickly.
Be ready to leave home
- Leave on all the lights outside the house and a light in each room so the house will be visible even in severe smoke.
- Don’t lock the doors: close the doors and windows without locking them. This helps fire fighters to come in easily to extinguish fire.
Stay in the car
- However this is dangerous, you need to stay in the car in an emergency to avoid the influx of firestorm .This is far better than running on foot.
- Close windows and the air vents and drive with the bright lights. Be careful about other cars and pedestrians and don’t move through the thick smoke.
- Stop if you must. Stop the car away from the bushes and large trees. Keep car headlights still on but turn the engine off. Close windows and air vents.
- Stay in the car until the main part of the fire passes.
- Keep in mind that vehicle may be turned off and not to work anymore. Furthermore airflow may cause the vehicle to move. Smoke and sparks may enter the car and followed by a high temperature within the car. Fuel metal tanks rarely explode.
If you are stuck at home:
- Keep your cool. If the fire is moving toward you, take refuge indoors. Because it is safer and the fire has passed you before burning and destroying your house.
If you are caught outdoors:
- In these circumstances, the best temporary shelter is getting placed in an area away from fuel sources. In a downhill it is safer to stay on its back. Stay away from the narrow valley, natural notch and mountain ridge.
- If hiking in areas far from residential ones, look for a pit or hole away from sources of fuel. When the fire is nearing, keep the fuel sources away and place your face down in the pit, cover yourself and stay there until the fire goes completely away.
- Never light a fire in forests and postures when the wind is blowing.
- Be quick because the fire proceeds ahead quickly.
- Don’t use water to extinguish the fire.
Actions after the widespread fires
- Avoid entering a building on fire without a mask.
- Check the roof immediately after fire and if there is any fire, spark or hot ash, eliminate them.
- Until several hours after the fire, regularly check around the house to find the remaining of smoke or sparks.