Terrorists and saboteurs have often used explosive devices as one of conventional methods. These people don’t take too much trouble for making explosive devices because the necessary information in this respect can be found in books and other resources easily. Materials required for making explosive devices can be found in many places. Automobiles or people can be used to move these devices and they can be remotely exploded by suicide bombers.

Conventional bombs are used to destroy and damage economic, political, social and religious organizations. These attacks are carried out in public places and in the streets of crowded cities across the world as a result thousands of people are killed or injured.

 Postal parcels which need to be suspicious:

  • Unusual Parcels which have been sent by unknown people.
  • They may not have a return address and if they have, it is unknown.
  • Certain sentences or phrases may have been written on them.
  • They may have aluminum foil or wire and strange odor or color.
  • They don’t have a return address.
  • They may have unusual weight or size and they may have been classified asymmetrically.
  • Threatening phrases may have been written on them.
  • They may have inappropriate or unusual labels.
  • They may have different packing or mailing envelopes.
  • Spelling errors may have been seen on them.
  • The address they have been sent to is either a wrong address or nobody is there.
  • They may have incorrect titles or they probably don’t have any title.
  • They don’t have any specific address.
  • The address may be hand-written or maybe typed poorly.


Protective and care measures before the accident

If someone is on the phone bomb threat, he/she must observe the following:

  • As much as possible, gain information from the caller.
  • Hold the caller and record the voice.
  • Inform the police or the building owner.



Protective and care measures during accident/at the time of accident

  • If things are falling, immediately take shelter under a sturdy table.

When it stops, immediately leave the place. Be careful about ceilings and stairways which are cracking. Be careful about falling debris while leaving the building.

  • Leave the building immediately and don’t delay to take personal belongings or to make a contact.
  • Don’t use elevators.


Protective and care measures after leaving the building.

  • Don’t stop in front of glass windows, glass doors or potentially dangerous areas.


  • It’s better to get away from sidewalks or street in order not to be used by emergency workers or other people leaving.


If someone is trapped beneath the rubble must obey the following:

  1. If possible, use flashlights to give signal to rescue workers.
  2. Avoid unnecessary movements.
  3. Cover your nose and mouth with something available (for example cotton cloth can play the role of a good filter), try to breathe through them.
  4. Tap on the wall or pipe near you. So rescue workers may hear the voice and consequently find you.
  5. If possible, use a whistle to give signal to rescue workers.
  6. Shouting is the last resort because by this you may inhale dangerous amounts of dust and material.

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