(What to do before, during, and after)
Chemicals are seen everywhere. They have many applications in our life, in drinking water purification, agricultural products and home affairs. However, if chemicals are used or released improperly into the environment during manufacture, storage, transport or consumption, they can be dangerous for human and environment. Dangerous substances can, in various forms, cause death, serious injuries and long-term effects on health, damage to buildings, homes and other belongings.
Chemical manufacturing can be a source of danger. Other dangerous substances and high-risk sources include petrol stations, hospitals, sites where hazardous materials are discharged or disposed.
Hazardous materials are in the forms of explosives, flammable materials, toxins and radioactive substances which are released into the environment as a result of accident, during transport, or a chemical incident in the factory.
Actions before the release of dangerous chemicals
- Add a protective plastic sheet, tubular strip and scissor to your rescue bag.
- Receive information regarding high-risk chemicals around you and also inform your family members.
Actions during the release of dangerous chemicals
- For more information regarding evacuation routes, temporary shelters or on how to do it, be on the alert for news broadcasting.
- Keep away from the affected zone as long as the infection rate is not lowered. Furthermore keep in mind that some chemicals are scentless.
If you were asked to leave:
- Do it quickly.
- Move on the routes recommended by authorities because passing through the shortcuts is not safe.
- Minimize the pollution at home by closing all the windows, valves and by turning off the fans.
- Take your rescue bag with the supplies you already prepared.
- Don’t forget to help those in need such as the children, elderly and disabled.
If you get caught outdoors:
- Stay upwind in a higher place. Try to get at least 1kilometer away from the affected area. Help others to be away from the scene.
- Never touch the materials and the fluids spilled, steam and fog in the air or deposits of chemicals and never pass through them. Don’t inhale gas, smoke and steam. Cover your mouth with a cloth while you are leaving there.
- Keep away from people injured in the accident until hazardous substances are identified.
If you are in a vehicle:
- Stop your car and look for a shelter in a suitable building. Close the windows and the valves of the car. Close the conditioner and heater if you have to stay inside the car.
If you are asked to stay at home:
- Lock all the doors and external windows. Close other internal doors if it is possible.
- Turn off the ventilator.
- Go to a safe room you have already prepared. This room should be above the ground. There shouldn’t be even the minimum aperture.
- Cover all the holes and gaps under the door with plastic wraps and seam joint strips
- Fill the window seams, conditioners, kitchen fans, cooking oven and dryer with plastic strips, waxed papers and aluminum sheets.
- Use substances like tubal strips to cover holes, openings and gaps of the room.
- If gas or steam has somehow entered the room, using a towel or cloth try to take short breath. Don’t eat or drink any food or water that has the potential to cause contamination.
Actions after the release of dangerous chemicals
- Only when the authorities announced that your home is safe, you can come back.
- Open the windows and hatches and turn on the fans for ventilation.
- Get help and guidance from officials and experts on how to clean up the land and property. You may be asked to take a shower or stay away from water or do another work.
- When you see the signs and symptoms in the body, think about the treatment. Put the clothes and shoes exposed to pollution in a protected place and don’t let them come into contact with other substances.
- Warn anyone associating with you that you may have been exposed to toxic substances.
- Call the local emergency as soon as you see any type of steam and other hazardous materials.