Natural hazards

(What to do before, during and after) Fire threat in forests and uninhabited areas is a serious matter for the people who live near these areas or use accommodations like villa or recreational complexes. Dry conditions and drought at different times in different parts of the country greatly increases the likelihood of wildfires. Proper planning […]

Volcano is a mountain which has been formed by accumulation of lava eruptions or volcanic ash. The eruption happens when the pressure of gasses and molten rocks rises. Eruption can occur gradually or explosively. Lava flow, toxic gases, throwing ash and stones and the destruction of surrounding areas also happen along with lava eruption. Slow […]

(What to do before, during and after) Tsunami is a Japanese word meaning harbor waves or hard waves. Tsunami is a sea wave caused by earthquake or volcanic eruptions. It is mistakenly called tidal waves. These waves are caused by unrest occurring in sea water due to earthquake in seabed, landslide, the eruption of underwater […]

(What to do before and during a sand storm) Sand storm is a powerful climbing of sand and dust particles caused by strong and stormy winds moving toward heights. Sand storms often occur in areas of desert devoid of vegetation or have lost vegetation due to the overuse of land. Earth free from vegetation together […]

(Actions before, during and after landslide) Heavy rain sometimes saturates rock and sediment masses and showers them toward the plains, lower parts and highways especially coastal zone. High amounts of water wear down the highlands and cliffs. Consequently it has a significant role in displacement of masses destroying the houses above the precipice. Loose boulders […]

(Necessary measures for prevention and first aid).  Rises in air temperature and excessive heat disrupt body heat exchange with the surrounding environment. When a person is exposed to heat and sun light for a long time or when (s)he does too much physical activity regardless of her(his) age or physical condition, heatstroke occurs. Elderly, children, […]

(What to do before, during and after) Heavy snowfall and harsh winter/harshest can cause complete disruption of a region. Winter storms can be followed by severe floods, cyclones, blocked roads and the failure of power lines. Unusual cold weather may cause the ground freeze to a substantial depth and consequently water and sewer pipes may […]

What to do before, during and after flood Heavy rain and rapid melting of snow are the main causes of flooding. Flood occurs when river channel or natural course of water flow cannot tolerate the capacity of flooding. Factors contributing to this situation include: heavy rains, rapid melting of snow, high slope, destruction of dams, […]

(What to do before, during and after earthquake) Earthquake is a sudden and rapid shake of the ground which in most cases occurs at any time of day or night without warning. Earthquakes occur when tensile force stored within the earth and its hard rocky crust is released. The released energy is then transmitted to […]

Drought means different things to different people. In practice, drought is defined in a number of ways that reflect various perspectives and interests. Drought is defined from different perspectives including meteorology, hydrology or agriculture. The end result of drought is defined by its impact on social and economic activities of people in a region. In […]